Good luck and… auf Wiedersehen! ... Ich will mit niemanden spielen. No, I don’t have a pen. English Translation of “Negation” | The official Collins German-English Dictionary online. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). Let’s take a look! Hopefully, you will never think or say that. Nicht and kein are forms of negation, but nicht means not and kein means no, not a, or not any. Well, you simply use the word “nicht” to negate sentences in German. Well, this part of the text about German negation is about the correct usage of the word “kein”. ... Declination. In the following, we will have a look at the more complicated part of German negation and try the clear up when to use “kein” or “nicht” in a German sentence. Both ways are acceptable. Negation or negative sentences in German grammar are formed with the words nicht (not) and kein (no/none). Beyond these preliminary concepts, there are more words that express negation in German. You will often hear and read many related words and substitutes for nirgendwo. Kommst du heute nach Hause? Learn about the word order of negative sentences in German and when to use nicht or kein. The tricky part is understanding when to use nicht and when to use kein and where to put them in a sentence. Die Negation im Deutschen – Erklärungen und Beispiele. Therefore they can not be interchanged. If there’s a Preposition, Nicht Goes Before It. Hast du keinen Kuli? It is declined as an ein-word. To express the English “no”, we either use “nein” (no), “nicht” (no) and “kein/e” (no). This will never happen.No worries really, if feeling a little dazed after reading that, because the good news is that these other negation words follow the same rules as other words of their grammatical type, with hardly any exceptions. Learning the German Negation displayed below is vital to the language. Consider the following over-the-top use of negation: Wenn niemand niemals nirgendswo hingeht, dann kann keiner niemanden treffen, nicht wahr? Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. As indefinite pronouns, these words can replace either a subject or object: These adverbs can stand alone, be placed before a verb, or be placed at the end of a phrase. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. Hast du keinen Kuli? Online exercises to improve your German. Video of class lecture slides introducing negation in German (with "nicht" and "kein-"). Of course, German is a beautiful language, and it is the entrance the to a whole new world full of new people and culture. Examples of German Negation With Kein. Likewise, you will also often hear and read opinions over which related words are actually correct. in German studies. Negation in German In German, we have three possibilities to express negation. Otherwise, these negation words are often placed at or near the end of the sentence: To emphasize the negation, the negation adverb can be placed at the front of the sentence: Nichts is an undeclinable pronoun. German is a godsend in it use of ‘kein’ and its various forms. In the following you will see some phrases that you should complete with the correct terms. Kein precedes the nouns in sentences. Well, as already mentioned, we should clear up what the German negation actually is. The German negation or negatives sentences are formed with the word “nicht” (not) and “kein” (no/none). German Negation. Negation – … Negation in German In German, we have three possibilities to express negation. Although sentences in German can be negated through verb phrase negation with the adverb nicht, German prefers that sentences be negated through the use of the negative indefinite article kein.The indefinite article kein can be used anywhere the other German articles are used. Translation: If nobody never goes anywhere, then no one could meet anybody, is that not so? > Other German exercises on the same topic: Negation [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Negative form - Negation -nicht and kein - Negation - Negation-Keine declension - Negation (kein / nicht) - Negative (nicht and kein) - Negation (kein-nicht) - Nicht/kein > Double-click on words you don't understand Here are some of the rules they describe for the placement of the word "nicht" in special and sentence negation. You use “nicht” for negation in the following circumstances: “Nein, ich will kein Deutsch mehr lernen!”. This is another very simple rule which should be fairly … Even though many German students have their problems with this topic, you should not panic! ... Nichts schmeckt gut. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. No worries! Furthermore, the position of “nicht” in a phrase can vary, depending on what part we want to negate or emphasize. In the following I’d like to give you a short definition of this term in German grammar. According to the Duden, it is now correct to also leave the word niemand undeclined. This article takes a deeper look at some German negation words. Also, you can practice your knowledge with the free worksheet. Even people who don't study German know that Nein means no in German. Niemand hat mich heute gesehen. Keine Sorgen! So, in the following table I’d like to show you the ending for “kein”. So, as “nicht”, we also use “kein” in the negation of a sentence. Finally, I’d like to mention that “nicht” almost always come before the word it negates. You use negations to form negative sentences in the German language. Ja ich habe eine gute Note. Seventh and last, you can put “nicht” before the prepositions with indicators of place, time and manner in a German negation. German Negation Beginning With "N" Other German Negation Words Beginning With "N". But of course that's only the beginning to German negation.The German adverb nicht and adjective kein can be used to negate a sentence as well.Nicht is the English equivalent of "not".Kein, on the other hand, can have different nuances depending on the sentence: no, not any, not a, none, no one, nobody. Take note that niemand is a singular word that doesn’t have a plural. Learn the translation for ‘negation’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. I am doing German grammar exercises about haben with nicht and the book says the following is correct: Wir haben nicht am Freitag das Examen But isn’t Freitag das Examen the object of the verb ... verbs word-order vocabulary negation Of course, all of have noticed immediately, that the ending are identical with the endings of possessive pronouns. Just think of the beautiful German language, its pronunciation, its irregular verbs and exceptions from the grammar rules and… No, I hope that you know that its just a joke! In the following, I’d like to list the most common ways of using “nicht” in the correct way. Furthermore, we will talk about the correct usage of German negation and its different negation phrases. On the other hand niemand is declinable, but increasingly not declined. Second, “kein” is used as a replacement for an indefinite article. 1. Other German Negation Words Beginning With "N", Learn the Difference Between "Sehr" and "Viel" in German, The Position of 'Nicht' in German Sentences, How to Use the Subjunctive Past in German, Learn About German Plural Nouns With -n and -en endings, Family-Related Vocabulary for English-Language Learners, How to Use the Conditional Tense in German, How to Use the German Personal Pronoun 'Es'. I have the basics down, but phrasal verbs that are perceived as a unit in German, like Auto fahren, always make me unsure. Negation in German In their book Die Negation, Helbig and Ricken describe two forms of negation in German: 1) sentence negation and 2) special negation. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. At the end I want you show a small exclusion of saying yes. Negating the present tense One way of making a sentence negative in German is to add the word nicht (not) to the sentence. Well, this point is nothing to worry about – but still worth mentioning it. Negation - Exercises. First, you can use “nicht” in the German negation at the end of a sentence with, Second, “nicht” is put before the definite article or. Normally you allways answer yes in German with “ja”. They have two separate meanings: Nicht (adv.) So, please try to keep in mind the following ‘definition’. Dies wird nie geschehen. After reading this article, you will know when to use “nein”, “nicht” and “kein/e”. So, what is the German negation? Although, there are some parts that do not exist in this form in the English language – and these are the parts where you simply have to study hard. Auf geht’s! Finally, we have reached the last part of this article where you can prove the German skills you have just learned. Once you have filled all the gaps, just click on the “correct” button and you can see your errors and the correct results. We could answer negatively to this type of question with "nein" or affirmatively with "doch." In the exercises, you can practise what you have learnt. A basic discussion of negation focused on the difference between nicht and kein, when to use nicht with sondern and when kein with sondern is more appropriate. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … She has a teaching degree and an M.A. Some words such as niemand can have several opposite negation words (jemand meaning somebody or irgendjemand/ irgendwer meaning anybody) each one changing slightly the meaning of the sentence. Many of these begin with the letter N. You will always find a lot of jokes and play on words with these and other German negation words. So, in this section we will talk about the correct usage of the negation word “nicht”. German Negation. There are two different ways of forming these sentences by using "nicht" or "kein". Nein, ich habe keinen Kuli. German negation is the process that turns an affirmative statement (I am happy) into its opposite denial (I … > Other German exercises on the same topic: Negation [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Negative form - Negation - Negation-Keine declension - Negation (kein / nicht) - Negative (nicht and kein) - Negation (kein-nicht) - Negation (nicht / kein) - Nicht/kein > Double-click on words you don't understand Well, you simply will not get confused in case you want to combine these words with “sondern”: Both of them are valid. Don’t you have a pen? (He never called me, he always visited me.) Doch, ich habe drei. Here’s the breakdown: It is important to know the opposites of German negation words, so as to know how to reply to questions involving such words. Ja ich komme nach Hause. )-> nothing. Now, as we have cleared up nearly everything about the words “nicht” and “kein” in the context of German negation, I’d like to mention a last short point. Kein is used to negate nouns that either have no articles or are preceded by the indefinite article. To those of you who want to hold on to the declination of niemand, here is its declination. But, I just needed something to introduce the topic of this article, the German negation. Well, the German negation is actually not too complicated. Answering questions with negation: "Doch" and "Nein" Questions are often asked in German with negation. So, as you have clicked on this page of language-easy.org, I suppose that you are ready to enter this depth of German grammar. You will always find a lot of jokes and play on words with these and... Word Placement Rules. negation in German; Comment: Can anyone provide a link to a site that has a good explanation, particularly with examples, of how to negate tricky (from an English perspective) sentences in German? Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. 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